Rear Wheel Drive Mopar Bodies, 1957 - 2009
MOPAR BODY TYPES compiled by and copyright Ed Hennessy
Some updates have been made by the Allpar staff after Ed’s contributions (made in 1998). Any mistakes are probably ours. Now includes trucks and Jeeps. For front wheel drive body codes, see this page.
Bill Watson wrote: “The 1960-80 VIN had the car line first followed by the digit for the series. For 1981 the car make (A - Imperial, B - Dodge, C - Chrysler, E - Fargo, P - Plymouth) was the second digit followed by either car line (1981-83) or car body (1984 & up) as the 5th digit. “E” was used for the Eagle car starting in 1988, after Chrysler had dropped the Fargo name on its trucks. If a nameplate not have unique VIN coding, it is a sales package and not a car make, car line, or series. If the nameplate can be determined only by a sales code on the body tag, again it is not a car make, car line, or series.
Chrysler, Dodge, and Plymouth Cars
A Body —1960-1976
- 106" 1963-66 Valiant; 1964-66 Barracuda; 1963-66 Dart wagons
- 106.5" 1960-62 Valiant; 1961-62 Lancer
- 108" 1967-73 Valiant; 1967-69 Barracuda; 1970-76 Duster; 1971-72 Demon; 1973-76 Dart Sport
- 111" 1971-76 Scamp; 1974-76 Valiant; 1963-76 Dart (ex. Wagons);
[Canadian Valiant (Valiant front clip, Dart body) is also on Dart 111" wheelbase]
Bill Watson added: the 1960 Valiant used “X” for the carline and “Q” for the model year, the only Valiant sold as model X and the only carline that used model year Q. All other Mopars were model year P.
B Body —1962-1979 (officially, 1964-1978)
Although this chassis debuted in 1962, Chrysler's practice of naming by letter did not begin until 1964-1965.
Fury (1962-64, '75-78)
Road Runner (1968-75)
220 (1963-64, Canada only)
- 115" 1971-79 all 2 door models (incl. Charger, Magnum, 300)
- 116" 1962-70 Plymouths ex. Wagons; 1962-66 Plymouth wagons; 1962 Dart; 1962-64 Polara; 1963-4 Dodge 220/330/440
- 117" 1967-74 Plymouth wagons; 1971-74 Plymouth 4 doors; 1965-70 Dodges
- 117.5" 1975-78 Plymouth and Dodge 4 doors & wagons
- 118" 1971-74 Dodge 4 doors & wagons
[Webmaster addition: GTX, from (I think) 1967-1971 - thanks, Gary Diehl]
Officially, there were no 1979 B-bodies. However, the Charger, Magnum, Cordoba, and Cordoba 300 — all B-bodies — carried over from 1978 to 1979 with no real changes; and “true” R-bodies had a 118.5 inch wheelbase. One could argue that the B-bodies did last until 1979 and the Charger, Magnum, and Cordoba were never R-bodies.
R Body —1979-1981
|“Real” R-bodies||Gran Fury* (1980-81)||St. Regis|
R-bodies (see note)
|1979 Magnum||1979 Cordoba / Cordoba 300|
The wheelbase of all “true” R-bodies was 118.5 inches. Gill Cunningham of the Chrysler 300 Club wrote that the Cordoba, Magnum, and Charger — previously called B-bodies — were classified by Chrysler as R bodies, though they were essentially carryovers from 1978. We are only including the 1979 Magnum, Cordoba, and Corodba 300 in this list to conform to Chrysler’s official records.
C Body —1965-1978
The C body may date from 1961 or 1962 in the Chrysler models and the Dodge Custom 880, though Chrysler considers the C body to have begun in 1965 with the unit-body construction.
*Gran Fury was a high-line version of the Fury 1970-1974 and a continuation of the Fury C-body after 1974
**Royal Monaco was a high-line version of C body Monaco 1975-1976
- 119" 1965-68 Plymouths (ex. wagons)
- 120" 1969-73 Plymouths (ex. wagons); 1974 Fury I/II
- 121" 1965-66 Plymouth wagons; 1965-66 Dodges; 1965-66 Chrysler wagons
- 121.5" 1975-77 Plymouths (ex. wagons); 1974-77 Dodges (ex. wagons)
- 122" 1967-73 Plymouth wagons; 1974 Fury III/Gran Fury; 1967-73 Dodges; 1967-73 Chrysler wagons
- 124" 1974-77 Plymouth and Dodge wagons; 1965-78 Chrysler sedans; 1974-78 Chrysler wagons; 1974-75 Imperials
Vintage D Body —1957-1973 — considered by some to be Y body
[NOTE: although this chassis design began in 1957, Chrysler's practice of naming by letter did not begin until 1964-1965. Also, the chassis moved from frames to unit-body construction in 1967, so early and late D bodies are very different.]
The Imperial was actually its own division, like Dodge and Plymouth, for some time. In 1967, Imperial moved from body-and-frame to unit-body construction, sharing its chassis with Chrysler.
Imperial all models; wheelbases 129" (1957-1966), 127" (1967-73)
Gil Cunningham of the Chrysler 300 Club wrote: “The earliest of the body charts I have that specifically use the D body nomenclature is for 1964 MY. 1962 does not use it and I never located a 1963 chart so can't say about that. The D body designation is used up to C Series (1967) when the Imperial is listed as a C Body.”
Bill Watson agreed, “The 1967-75 Imperials were C bodies and Y car line.” They were listed in parts books as C bodies. Only in 1981 did the Y body appear.
Modern D body: Ram
|D1- Ram 3500 (2003-2009)
D2- Ram 3500 (2010-2016)
D3- Ram 3500 future gen?
DA- Ram 4500/5500 Sterling cab chassis (2008-up)
DC- Ram 3500 Cab Chassis (2007-up)
DD- Ram 3500 Cab Chassis (2010-2016)
DH- Ram HD Regular, Quad cab / 1500 MegaCab / Ram 2500 (2003-09)
DJ- Ram 2500/3500 (2010-2016)
DJ- Jeep (1955-1982)
|DM- Ram 4500/5500 cab chassis (2008-up)
DN- Durango 1st gen (1998-2003)
DP- Ram 4500/5500 (2010-2016)
DR- Ram 3rd gen (2002-2008)
DS- Ram 4th gen (2009-2015)
DT- Ram 5th gen?
DU- Ram future gen
DX- Ram (2005-2016, Mexico)
DY- Ram (2010-up?, Mexico)
E body —1970-1974
Plymouth Barracuda Dodge Challenger Wheelbase 108" 110"
F, M, J, and Y Body —1976-1983
The F, M, J, and (optionally) Y bodies were all closely based on the A-bodies, the primary difference being the front suspension design, which mounted the torsion bars differently; numerous other changes were made to update the cars, but in essence, had the company continued the old names, few today would have claimed any inconsistencies. The three or four carlines were largely differentiated not be engineering, but by trim, features, names, and sheet metal. The feel of an M-body Dodge Diplomat, though, is fairly close to that of an F-body Volare and is not far off from the 1967-76 Valiant.
|J||Dodge Mirada, Chrysler Cordoba||1980-1983|
|M||Plymouth Caravelle (Canada)||1978-1989|
|M||Plymouth Gran Fury*, New Yorker, Fifth Avenue||1982-1989|
For those who are curious:
|Wheelbase||Two Doors||Four Doors|
|F-bodies; M-bodies, 1980-81||108.7||112.7|
|M-bodies, 1977-79; J-bodies, 1980-83||112.7||112.7|
1979-1980 Duster was a Volare package, not a separate model, despite the body differences; while Road Runner, which was largely an appearance package plus the 360 engine, was listed as a separate model but was more clearly a package, not a separate vehicle. Bill Watson wrote, “The Road Runner VIN was the same as the Volare coupe. To confirm you have a 1976-80 Road Runner, check the data tag. The Road Runner package was A57 (1976-80) while the RR Decor package was A21. The Aspen R/T was also a package, not a series. A42, A48, A49 were the code for the Duster package on the Volare. So, again, the Duster should not be appearing on any F body list was it was a package, and not a series, model or car line.”
Within Chrysler, the 1981-1983 Imperial was a Y body; John Capron said it was unofficially known as “why” body since the company didn't have the resources to build it properly. Gil Cunningham countered, “This car was always a J body, the same as the Cordoba and Mirada. The CAR LINE was Y, same as years back. As far back as October 5, 1978 the Y carline is included in the J body area of the Model Chart. The name Imperial was added sometime in 1980.”
Kevin McCabe wrote: “The 1981-1983 Imperial coupes, while heavily based on the J body cars, were actually known within the Corporation as Y body vehicles. The sharing of parts between Cordoba and Imperial included but was not limited to doors and front fenders. ... Once the Imperial was assembled at the Windsor Assembly Plant each car was taken on a several mile road trip around the streets of Windsor which ended at the Imperial Quality Assurance Center, a Chrysler facility some 2-3 miles from Windsor Assembly. This building was the original home of Maxwell/Chalmers of Canada, the office area at the front of the plant served as the first headquarters of Chrysler Canada and the building itself predated the construction of Windsor Assembly by approximately 15 years.”
* Caravelle was a Canada-only model. Mike Taylor wrote that it lasted through 1989, and that there was no Gran Fury in Canada. “When the front wheel drive Caravelle came out, the older one became "Caravelle Salon;" until then Salon was an options package on the Caravelle.”
Imperial was its own division, like Dodge and Plymouth, for most of its life, though it shared a basic Chrysler chassis (with substantial trim and powertrain differences in many years). In 1967, Imperial moved from body-and-frame to unit-body construction, sharing its chassis with Chrysler’s C bodies.
Imperial had body-and-frame construction through to 1966, with a 129” wheelbase from 1957 until 1966; many consider this to be a D body. From 1967 until 1973, the Imperial shared the Chrysler C body. After that, Imperial was a model of the Chrysler brand. (More.)
One odd Imperial, never produced, was the 1966 Duesenberg Model D. Created by Virgil Exner Sr. and Jr. together, it was Fritz Duesenberg’s attempt to rebuild the marque; drawn for the December 1963 issue of Esquire, it had an Imperial chassis and 440 V-8, with a cashmere-and-leather interior. Built by Ghia, the prototype was shown in 1966, with a price of “nearly $20,000.” The Duesenberg concern started building a factory, with orders ready, but never reached production. Hemmings wrote about the car, which was auctioned by the Duesenberg company and traded hands once afterwards.
LX, LC, LY bodies
LX Body - 2004-2015 (?): Dodge Charger, Dodge Magnum (through 2007), Chrysler 300/300C all shared a 120” wheelbase. Second-generation, originally to be code-named LY, and don’t laugh, was renamed LX again.
LC body - 2008-14 (?): Dodge Challenger: short-wheelbase, two-door version of the Dodge Charger.
LD body (2010-?) Second-generation Dodge Charger
LA body -2014+Dodge Challenger, adapting changes made to create the Maserati Ghibli.
Older vehicles, made before the letter system (e.g. 1920s-1950s) are in our main model list.
SR Original Dodge Viper ZB Viper, 2003-2008 ZH Crossfire, 2004-07 PR Plymouth Prowler
CJ: Civilian Jeeps (postwar to 1986 Wrangler-predecessors)
JK: 2007 Wrangler/Unlimited
KJ: 2002-7 Liberty / (Dodge Nitro was KA)
KK: 2008-12 Liberty / Dodge Nitro
MJ: 1985-1992 Commanche (113, 119.9” wheelbases)
SJ: 1966-1991 Cherokee, J10, J20, Wagoneer, Grand Wagoneer (thanks, Dan Grdovic) “Senior Jeep”
TJ: 1997-2006 Wrangler
- 93.4" all but unlimited (2 and 4wd)
- 103.4" Jeep Wrangler Unlimited
- WJ: 1999-2004 Grand Cherokee - 105.9" wheelbase
- WK: 2005+ Grand Cherokee - 109.5" wheelbase (including 2011+ models)
- XK: 2006+ Jeep Commander - 109.5" wheelbase (essentially the same vehicle as the Grand Cherokee with two inches greater length, a squarish body, and a revised interior with three rows of seats and an updated dashboard. Think “Xtended wK.” In the 1960s it would probably have kept the WK code.)
XJ: 1984-2001 Jeep Cherokee and Wagoneer (wheelbase: 101.4”)
YJ: 1987-1996 Jeep Wrangler / YJ (93.4” wheelbase)
The Jeep YJ name was used in Canada only —GM Canada was using "Wrangler"
ZJ: 1993-98 Jeep Grand Cherokee (105.9” wheelbase)
Plymouth and Dodge trucks
Note: some platform codes were created in 1989 but used retroactively to cover earlier models.
|Body||Years||Names (Dodge unless specified)||Wheelbases|
Plymouth Trailduster (1974-78)
|AF||1993||AD models in Mexico|
|BE||1994-2000||Ram Extended Cab||
134.7 Club Cab
|BR||1994-2001||Ram 1500-3500 (standard cab)|
|HB/HG||2004-10||HB, Dodge Durango; HG, Chrysler Aspen (2007-?)|
|DR||2002-?||Ram 1500 (2002+), 2500-3500 (2003+) standard cabs||118.7-134.7|
|DE||2002-?||Ram Extended (Club and Quab) cab||134.7 CC
|N/AN||1987-2004||Dakota||112 (reg cab)
131 (ext cab)
|(A)||1964-69||A series vans never had a code!|
|DC||2007-08||Ram Chassis Cab (medium-duty truck/Bullet)|
|VA, VB||2002-09||Sprinter (Mercedes design); VB started 2007|
Did we miss something? Did we make any mistakes?
Let us know via the correction or addition link at the bottom of the page.