Dodge, Plymouth, and Jeep squad and fleet cars and trucks

1971 Dodge police cars: Dodge Coronet, Polara, and Sportsman

Dodge police cars - main page

1971 dodge coronet police carFor 1971, Dodge had police packages for its mid-size (B-body) Coronet and its large (C-body) Polara; there were no packages on the “compact” Dart, which was around the size of today’s Crown Victoria and Dodge Charger squads. For non-pursuit work, there were also police versions of the popular Tradesman B-vans, in two wheelbases (lengths). Engines in the cars ranged from the slant six (available only in Coronet and not intended for pursuit) to the 440 (available only in the Polara). By far, the largest choice was for the Polara, with no fewer than six engine choices - compared with one choice for the 2006 Crown Victoria and Impala, and two for the 2006 Charger.

1971 dodge coronet

Dodge wrote, “Both Polara and Coronet provide the engines, transmissions and rear axle ratios to make it difficult or impossible for another car to outrun a Dodge police car. ... Polara and Coronet have available a wide selection of engines ... to provide the kind of top-end speed required.... [yet] The 318-cubic-inch V-8 model is an amazingly economical engine for its power. It is fully capable of competing with many six-cylinder engines in miles per gallon, while completely outclassing them in performance.” The 300 horsepower 383 and the 440s had a dual snorkel air cleaner; the 370 horsepower 440 also had a special cam and higher compression.

inside the coronet

The standard upholstery in police sedans was heavy-duty cloth (gray in Polara and tan in Coronet) and vinyl. For greater resistance to wear and ease of maintenance, heavy-duty all-vinyl trim was available as an option (this was standard in Coronet Emergency and Patrol Wagon). Available at no extra cost in Polara were regular-duty cloth and vinyl trims in blue and tan, while the civilian interior was optional. For both vehicles, the standard seats were chair-high for a natural posture and comfort, while almost two inches of air-foam cushioning was placed over heavy­duty seat springs (at least, up front).

polara interior

Options included air conditioning (with 60 amp alternator standard, or optional 65 amp alternator); 60 or 65 amp alternators on their own (65 amp not available with power steering, or with air conditioning on slant six or 318); a Sure-Grip 3.23:1 differential; high capacity seven-blade fan (standard on V8s anyway), optionally with a slip fan drive (383 or 440 only); maximum cooling capacity; police tires; and hand-operated fast-idle throttle control for quicker getaways from a stop. Keys could be made the same for all locks on the car; or the same for different cars in the same fleet (the power tailgate window on Coronet wagons was always different). A variety of mouldings could be ordered, as well as tinted glass. Other options included power steering, radio suppression package, an oil pressure gauge (except if the clock was ordered), five or six inch diameter spotlights on either or both sides, roof light wiring, and larger tires and wheels (but always 14 inches on Coronet, 15 inches on Polara).

1971 dodge polara

Sportsman vans

The Royal Sportsman, Custom Sportsman, and Sportsman came with windows all around and with driver and front passenger's seat plus a rear bench seat as standard for 5-passenger seating. Optional seats increased the passenger capacity to 8, 12, or 15 passengers. The 8-passenger version could be on either the 109-inch or the 127-inch wheelbase; the 12-passenger was available on the 127-inch only. The 15-passenger was on the Maxiwagons only - which were 18 inches longer. If the standard van was selected, there were many window combinations available, including windows all around. A passenger's front seat was an extra-cost option. All seats were covered in vinyl. Deluxe driver and passenger bucket seats were optional at extra cost in Van models.

sportsman van

The 127-inch-wheelbase Sportsman, Custom Sportsman, Royal Sportsman, or Van were suited for multiple use as personnel carrier, emergency vehicle, or cargo van. With just under 10 feet of length in the 127-inch wheelbase and with almost 11 feet in the Maxi versions from the back of the driver's seat to the inside of the rear doors, there was more than enough room for two stretchers to be placed in the back. In all Sportsman and Van models, double cargo doors were standard on the right side and rear.

1971 police transmissions

The heavy-duty 3-speed automatic transmission was standard on all Polara and Coronet models, optional at extra cost on Sportsman, Custom Sportsman, Royal Sportsman and the Van. The A230 heavy-duty, fully synchronized 3­speed manual transmission, with the shift lever mounted on the steering column, was standard on all Royal Sportsman, Custom Sportsman, Sportsman, and Van V-8 models but not available in Coronet or Polara. The A250, synchronized in second and third gears, was standard in Van and Sportsman 6-cylinder models.

Engineering features

Unibody combined the body and frame into one single, rigid unit. Tests proved that Unibody can resist twisting and bending forces far better than most cars built the separate body and frame way. Every Dodge Polara and Coronet Unibody was passed through seven huge tanks. Each body was cleaned, bonderized, and coated-inside and out -with corrosion-resistant primer. The final finish was chip­resistant acrylic enamel. The suspension was Torsion-Aire, labeled the best of all suspensions by many of the experts who test and evaluate cars. The elements of Torsion-Aire produced a smooth, comfortable, and controlled ride over all road surfaces. Tough, tempered steel bars provided spring action by twisting and untwisting. Because they take up so little space, they made possible a lower engine mounting and thus a low center of gravity for greater stability. They could be adjusted to raise or lower the front end.

coronet front

Heavy-duty shocks, on all police models, levelled the car quickly after severe bumps, and provided a wide range of control by absorbing even small jolts. Polara models had 10/16" diameter shocks in front, 13/8" in the rear. Coronet had 1" shock absorbers front and rear.

Diagonal struts were positioned to brace the heavy-duty front suspension against impacts. Thick rubber biscuits were placed at the front attachment points to absorb road shocks. Angled upper control arms exerted a lifting force when the weight shifted forward during braking, minimizing brake dive; while rear leaf springs had a long flexible rear section to provide soft spring action for a comfortable ride, and a short, stiff front section to assure good stability. On V-8 sedans an extra-stiff design was used for reduced sway and improved handling. The springs were spaced wide apart for bracing against body lean, which is important to good stability.

1971 Plymouth Fury police car

Heavy-duty brakes were fade-resistant, built to handle high-speed stops. With automatic adjusters, the brake linings were bonded for longer wear. Coronet and Polara provided 220.1 square inches of effective lining area. When power brakes were ordered on Polara, they were disc brakes in front and drum brakes in the rear. Front disc brakes were optional at extra cost on Coronet models. Sure-Grip limited-slip differentials were available.

Extra-wide wheels with retaining beads held the tire securely on the rim in case of a flat­thus making certain that the driver could bring the car to straight, sure, safe stops. 14" x 5 V2" JJ wheels were used on Coronet, 15" x 6" JJ on Polara.

To provide superior protection against wet-weather shorting, both the cable and the spark plug insulator were enclosed by a spark-plug cover. A spring-pressure grip prevented the spark-plug cable terminal from opening up when the cable was pulled off the spark plug.

Changes from 1970

1971 was a year of very little change for Chrysler's full sized cars, including the Polara, and even the obligatory sheetmetal alterations looked little different than last year's. However, the Chrysler intermediates, including Coronet, were all new; they were wider and the wheelbase was one inch longer, and had "fuselage" styling that resembled the full size cars. The Belvedere was renamed to Satellite. At Plymouth, buyers could order the A38 police package on any trim level, for the first time.

1971 Fury squad

Net horsepower ratings, a more realistic measure of useable engine power than the previous "gross power" rating method, was used side by side with gross horsepower, to ease the shock of auto buyers. The 383 and 440 switched to different heads to better meet emission strandards. The new 360, with a 2v carb and single exhaust, became optional on the Fury and Polara squads; the 360 was to be a very succesful police car motor. Curtis Redgap noted: We also had some 1971 Plymouth Fury I patrol units with 360 V-8s. They ran very well and were not far off the 440 time. These were equipped with a four barrel carb and dual exhausts; we had 12 of them like that. Plymouth again beat Dodge by offering the police package in the "A38" group. It could be had on ANY model car, not just the base cars.

1971 Dodge police cars: engine choices and specifications

Engine 225 318 360 383 383 440 440 440
Dodge Polara N/A Standard Option Option Option Option Option Option
Dodge Coronet Standard Standard N/A Option Option N/A N/A N/A
Dodge Sportsman Available Available N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gross Horsepower 145 230 255 275 300 335 370
Net Horsepower 110 155 175 190 250 220 250 305
Gross Torque (lb-ft) 215 320 360 375 410 460   480
Net Torque (lb-ft) 185 260 295 305 325 350 380 400
Carburetion 1 bbl 2-bbl. 2-bbl. 2-bbl. 4-bbl. 4-bbl. 4-bbl 4-bbl.
Compression Ratio 8.4 to 1 8.6 to 1 8.7 to 1 8.5 to 1 8.5 to 1 8.8 to 1 8.8 to 1 9.5 to 1
Exhaust Single Single Single Single Dual Single Dual Dual
Fuel Regular Regular Regular Regular Regular Regular Regular Premium

 

 Specifications Polara Coronet Coronet Wagon
Wheelbase 122." 118" 118"
Length 220.2" 207.0" 213.4"
Width 79.2" 77.7" 56.4"
Track-Front 62.1" 59.7" 79.2"
Track-Rear 63.4" 62.0" 60.1"
Height 54.9" 53.7" 63.4"
Front Seat height 9.2" 8.6" 8.6"
Rear 11.5" 11.3" 11.3"
Front Headroom 39.2" 38.6" 39.6"
Rear .. 38.4" 37.3" 39.9"
Front Legroom 41.8" 42.3" 42.3"
Rear 39.1" 36.5" 36.5"
Front Hiproom 63.2" 59.2" 59.2"
Rear. 63.4" 59.2" 59.2"
Front Shoulder Room 63.2" 59.2" 59.2"
Rear 62.7" 59.3" 59.3"
Back of second seat to end of tailgate     84.8"
Back of second seat to closed tailgate     59.3"
Width of opening at belt. ....     46.0"
Back of front seat to end of tailgate     116.7"
Back of front seat to closed  tailgate     94.3"
Width between wheelhousings     48.5"
Maximum height  of opening     28.4
Capacity (cu. ft.) usable     91.3

Sportsman wagons and vans

Sportsman Wagon 109" wb 127" wb Maxiwagon
Door opening-side door height 47.2" 47.2" 47.2"
Door opening-side door width 49.2" 49.2" 49.2"
Door opening-rear door height 47.2" 47.2" 47.2"
Door opening-rear door width 49.2" 49.2" 49.2"
Height-Maximum passenger area 53.9" 53.9" 53.9"
Length-rear door to seat-back

95.2" 113.2" 131.2"
Length-rear door to engine cover 117.3" 135.3" 153.3"
Overall length 176.0" 194.0" 212.0"
Overall width 79.0" 79.0" 79.0"
Width-maximum inside 69.9" 69.9" 69.9"
Overall height 80.8 " 80.8" 80.8"
Front Tread 65.18" 65.18" 65.18"
Rear Tread 65.12 65.12" 65.12"
Turning Radius: B100 36.5' 41.6' 41.6'
Turning Radius: B200 37.9' 43.3' 43.3'
Turning Radius: B300 40.7' 49.5' 49.5'

Engines used in Plymouth, Chrysler, and Dodge squad cars for 1971

Type Size Carb Exh. C/R HP
Gross/Net
Torque
lb-ft
Available in
E24 225 I6 1v 1 8.4: 1 145/110 215/185 Fury, Satellite, Coronet
E44 318 2v 1 8.6: 1 230/155 320/260 all but pursuits
E57 360 2v 1 8.7: 1 255/175 360/295 Fury, Polara
E61 383 2v 1 8.5: 1 275/190 375/305 Fury/Polara/
Satellite/Coronet
E63 383 4v 2 8.5: 1 300/250 410/326 Satellite/Coronet pursuit, Fury/Polara
E85 440 4v 1 8.8: 1 335/220 460/350 Fury, Polara
E85 440 4v 2 8.8: 1 335/250 460/380 Fury/Polara
E86 440 4v 2 9.5: 1 370/305 480/400 Fury/Polara pursuit only

 

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