FCA is in interesting position right now. They are on rice above industry level in almost every major European market. They are making money which is something GM could not do in something like 20 years even if in last years it has or had larger market share than FCA. So maybe we are talking about political games here. Germany and France are attacking Italy which basically has just one car group unlike them which both has 2 or more. I will not go so far. But MJAB pointed it correctly. I was not so much into that and even if FCA is not so "clean" as Italian minister imputes they are not at fault by European law because test procedure are very strict unlike in the US. And there is no doubt that all carmakers were taking advantage of such a strict rules. But IMO that will not be possible in the future. It will be very similar to EPA's certification. But than we can also ask who is responsible for that, which agency, is it still country based or EU-centric.