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compressor cycles.. the lines and condencer are ice cold and sweating .. just inside when i change temp with the ATC (auto temp control) .. or hit the AC button, the temp doesn't change. the compressor kicks on.. everything goes great on the ouside... not on the inside. blows just as hot as with full heat on.

anyone havea diagram of where the blend door is on this 1990 new yoker?

thanks again
 

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One A/C line should be cold and one hot. If both are cold you have a problem. What is the service history of this system? Has it just been recharged? Who did it? Was it properly evacuated first?
 

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The compressor should be the 6C17 on this car... it's a variable displacement unit that should not cycle. Anytime the outside temperature is warmer than a few degrees above freezing, the compressor should be always be engaged with the ATC on. The fact that it cycles suggests a problem. This system is hard to service unless one knows exactly what one's doing. That compressor doesn't like anything but R12. It can be made to work with other refrigerants, but it'll make you jump through some hoops first.

As for the blend door, I'd run the ATC self test and see if it throws a code first. Press and hold auto, floor, and defrost until the display starts flashing. It'll run the test and show codes in the display. If it does, press the panel button to continue testing (this part has never worked for me though). Otherwise, the blend door servo is under the airbox by the accellerator pedal.

While you're at it, maybe check that your aspirator fan is working... it's located behind the instrument cluster. These love to fail. Any 1988-1993 ATC equipped car at the salvage yard can give you a replacement. The Imperial has one from a 1988 New Yorker in it. You should be able to hear it working faintly if you turn the ignition to the run position without starting the engine and turn off the ATC.
 

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Condenser in front of the radiator should be warm and the radiator fan motor running.
The evaporator under the dash should be cold.
Do you hear the doors change when selecting temperature/modes?
 

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Discussion Starter #5
first off thanks for the speedy replies..

One A/C line should be cold and one hot. If both are cold you have a problem. What is the service history of this system? Has it just been recharged? Who did it? Was it properly evacuated first?
one is cold one is hot. it ran fine until this summer. it was just topped up with red tek (that synthetic crap). my mother didn't know any better and the place changing her oil did it. that being said, I think it was also topped up with the same stuff 3 years ago when we got the car and ran fine until this summer. the sealant was not used, only the refridgerant.


The compressor should be the 6C17 on this car... it's a variable displacement unit that should not cycle. Anytime the outside temperature is warmer than a few degrees above freezing, the compressor should be always be engaged with the ATC on. The fact that it cycles suggests a problem. This system is hard to service unless one knows exactly what one's doing. That compressor doesn't like anything but R12. It can be made to work with other refrigerants, but it'll make you jump through some hoops first.

As for the blend door, I'd run the ATC self test and see if it throws a code first. Press and hold auto, floor, and defrost until the display starts flashing. It'll run the test and show codes in the display. If it does, press the panel button to continue testing (this part has never worked for me though). Otherwise, the blend door servo is under the airbox by the accellerator pedal.

While you're at it, maybe check that your aspirator fan is working... it's located behind the instrument cluster. These love to fail. Any 1988-1993 ATC equipped car at the salvage yard can give you a replacement. The Imperial has one from a 1988 New Yorker in it. You should be able to hear it working faintly if you turn the ignition to the run position without starting the engine and turn off the ATC.
I will double check when the compressor is running and if constant or cycling. I got home so late with the car last night and only turned the ac on for about 10min to see if it would cool. I was tired and maybe should have paid better attention. will auto try running the self test and check the aspirator.


Condenser in front of the radiator should be warm and the radiator fan motor running.
The evaporator under the dash should be cold.
Do you hear the doors change when selecting temperature/modes?
I don't hear the doors changing when selecting temp. will check the evaporator. condensor is warm and the rad fan was running.

will post my findings... thanks again everyone
 

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Redtek is a hydrocarbon refrigerant, and the variable displacement compressor won't work properly with it in the stock configuration. You can have a perfectly healthy charge in there and it won't cool for anything when the car is standing still (but should on the highway). This usually leads to the person doing the charging dumping even more refrigerant in there until it's overcharged. I reckon this is what's happening here. Pressures go too high and then the compressor cuts out. Also, there's a mix of the stuff and R12 in there now... who knows what the system is really doing.

To get the hydrocarbons working properly, the rad fans must come on with the compressor. There should be a pressure transducer on the lines near the condenser with two wires coming out of it - that's the rad fan pressure switch. This switch is expecting R12 pressures, not Redtek, so the fans won't be coming on often enough. What you need to do is wire in a relay so that when the compressor comes on, these wires are shorted - this will kick the rad fans on full time. Then you'll get your cooling when the car isn't moving.

This assumes a properly working system, though. You need to make sure the condensor and evaporator are both free of debris that could be blocking them. Make sure the blend door moves as intended. Find the leak in the AC system and fix it. Your best bet is to probably go find a pro who knows these compressors, have them fix the leak, and then retrofit to 134a. It's likely easier than getting the hydrocarbons working.

If you insist on saving cash and going with the hydrocarbons, forget Redtek and use Duracool. If you're in Canada, it's as close as the nearest Walmart or Princess Auto. It gets closer to the pressures the compressor (but not the rad fan pressure switch) is expecting. Don't do any charging at all until you get the relay mod installed or it won't cool and you'll go right past the stopping point (which on my car was 9-11 degrees Celsius at the center vents with the fan on full speed). Use a full manifold gauge set. I did the job on the Imperial with only a low side gauge on the charging hose after I found myself replacing a leaky low side schrader valve, learning as I went... it was a massive pain in the neck, let me tell you. I documented it on the forums - you should be able to find that thread with a search.

It is also likely that you'll never get the performance you got with R12 on the hydrocarbons. The Imperial doesn't. But that's ok. I always get 9-12 degree vent temps with the fan on full, no matter what. Sometimes I'll see it go down to 7 degrees, but not too often. It can be 15 or 35 degrees outside and it will still do the same vent temps. I've come to accept that as normal operation for the variable displacement system on this refrigerant.
 

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Discussion Starter #7
WOW! .. I'm excited. I have AC again and it's ICE cold. turned it on .. fans running, compressor constant (the cycling was obviously my mistake). so I ran the self test and I heard the blend door .. bam! cold air. no codes. so it had gone into some weird mode and just needed reset I guess. thanks again soooo much for your help. might have to keep this ol baby afterall after getting my mother a new ride. just need to fix the odo problem and it's good to go.
 

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Good to hear... you dodged a bullet there. I really don't like the 6C17. If there was a way to go back to the old clutch cycling system, I'd do it. Alas, I don't think there is an easy way to do that.
 
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