Chrysler factories, offices, and testing grounds, 1925-2017
This section does not always include Hudson, Nash, AMC, Willys, etc; or Dodge Brothers before the acquisition. Years are production
years and not model years. Some obscure past Detroit listings are courtesy of atdetroit.net
originally compiled by Jim Benjaminson and
updated by the Allpar staff
using contributions from Thomas Mize, Bill Watson, Nick Taylor, and others.
Also see Empowered work teams
and quality (2005); flexible manufacturing
; and components affected by a wheelbase change
Belvidere Assembly Plant
Put into service in 1965, Belvi
dere was named for the Illinois city (the Plymouth Belve
dere was named after the hotel).
Belvidere plant in detail with photos
• Factory photos: Neon
• Caliber, Patriot
• Dart, Patriot, Compass
Brampton Complex (Bramalea), Canada
|Horizon / Omni ||1977-87|
|O24, TC3, Charger, Turismo, Duster||1979-1987|
|Dynasty, New Yorker, Imperial, Fifth Avenue||1988-1993|
|Jeep Compass, Patriot||2006-2017|
Center Line: Mopar Headquarters
- Built by American Motors; the 2.95 million square-foot facility and the Brampton Satellite Stamping Plant occupy 269 acres and employed around 3,800 workers in 2006. Production at the satellite stamping facility started in December 1991. The plant has built from 18,133 to 338,921 vehicles per year, with 1999 (second-generation LH series) being the peak year. [Numbers were valid as of 2007]
- 1986-92 Eagle Premier and Dodge Monaco (Monaco started 1990)
- June 1992-2004: LH models, all of them: Intrepid, Concorde, LHS, New Yorker, 300M
- January 2004-: 300/300C, Magnum (through 2007), Charger, Challenger (starting 2008), Lancia Thema (2011-16)
- The Kennedy Road plant, part of Brampton Assembly, has its own section
Around 290 employees were working in the building in 2005. The functions were listed as "National staff functions, including sales and marketing, material control, distribution, facilities planning, and national and field depot administration." A separate parts distribution center (warehouse) had 700 employees.
Before the new building, Center Line contained the Mopar parts plant, training center, defense operations, and general sales offices, according to a 1957 listing.
FCA has 50% ownership of two joint-venture plants which build local Jeeps and Fiats.
Conner Avenue (small-scale specialty production)
Dundee Engine Plant, Michigan (formerly GEMA)
Originally set up as the Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance LLC (GEMA), the Dundee plant
was created to make engines developed jointly by Chrysler, Mitsubishi, and Hyundai
. In 2009, Chrysler bought its partners' shares. In 2011 the plant started producing 1.4 liter Fiat engines, both normal and turbocharged, for use in Mexican-made Fiat 500s and various Chrysler vehicles; these are expected to return to Italian production by 2016.
The plant is unusual in that most of the workers have college degrees, and were carefully chosen, the idea being that they would play a prominent role in quality maintenance and cost reduction. The plant has generally had high quality, winning Harbour Report awards for productivity (2008 and 2009) and quickly achieving Bronze status in Fiat's WCM system (2012).
In 2009, Chryler invested $179 million to start making the Fiat 1.4, and in 2010, it put another $150 million in to expand and prepare for new engines. It was officially renamed Dundee Engine Plant in January 2012. The plant was still making the 1.4, 2.0, and 2.4 liter engines in 2015.
Etobicoke Casting Plant, Toronto
Etobicoke is the renamed "West Toronto" area, a large mixture of pure industrial and suburban housing. This plant was built in 1942, and purchased by Chrysler Canada in 1964
; it was expanded in 1965 and 1998. In 2005, this plant employed 451 people to make aluminum die castings, pistons, and other engine and transmission parts; in 2010, there were just 280 people (236 hourly), all represented by CAW Local 1459, and the plant made aluminum die castings and pistons.
Chrysler announced in August 2010 a $27 million investment to make front and rear crossmembers for future vehicles. Floor space was listed at 284,000 square feet, with a total 27.4 acres used and, in 2014, 500 employees.
Jefferson Avenue and Jefferson North
Jefferson Avenue / Jefferson North page
The original Chalmers plant was built on Jefferson Avenue
in Detroit in 1909, and closed in 1991. In 1933, a noted office and display building
was built to front the thriving Jefferson Avenue factory complex; it was demolished in the 1990s. The nearby Jefferson Avenue North plant
has made Grand Cherokees since opening in 1993, and was the sole source of Jeep Commanders. The plant made Dodge Durangos alongside Grand Cherokees starting in 2011.
Kokomo / Indiana Plants
Kokomo, Indiana. The casting plant was around in the 1940s; three plants in the area (Indiana Transmission Plant I and II and Kokomo) all make transmissions.
As of January 2015, plants were:
- Indiana Transmission I (Kokomo), six and nine speed automatics (e.g. for minivans, Cherokee)
- Indiana Transmission II (Kokomo), five speed automatics (Wrangler, Charger Pursuit)
- Kokomo Casting, cases and aluminum components
- Kokomo Transmission, six and eight speed automatics (trucks, large cars)
- Tipton Transmission (Indiana), nine speed automatics
One building is new; the other was a Briggs
stamping plant, purchased and renamed to Mack Stamping, later gutted and rebuilt as Mack I. Mack Avenue Engine Complex
. One plant currently makes 3.2 and 3.6 liter V6 engines and parts. Mack II is still idle.
Marysville Axle (Michigan)
Ground was broken in 2007, under DaimlerChrysler, using a joint venture with ZF to replace Detroit Axle
, which dated to 1917 but had been modernized in 2001. The target launch was early 2010; the 700,000 square-foot plant was then expected to produce 500,000 axles per year.
ZF claimed that Cerberus did not live up to its end of the bargain after it acquired Chrysler, and left the venture. Fiat resolved these issues, buying the plant (which the city had taken over and tried to sell to another company). A source wrote, in mid-2012:
Cerberus was eliminating employees and sourcing equipment and lines from China and India, looking for cheapest costs; quality was not a concern. ZF had to go back and redo all the hard assets in the new plant.
Despite various gaffes and mis-steps as Chrysler went from Daimler to Cerberus to Fiat, the plant did open in 2010 and started making axles (there was no word on where suspension parts made at Detroit Axle moved to.) The factory is operated by ZF though Chrysler union workers produce the axles.
ZF's 2010 annual report noted, "In the USA, volume production of rigid axles began at the new production facility in Marysville, Michigan. Rear axle drives and bevel gear production are scheduled to follow in early 2011." The plant makes Chrysler-engineered solid axles for the Wrangler and Ram 4500 and 5500 (chassis cabs), and ZF-based Grand Cherokee/Durango axles (along with front axles for Rams); these are high efficiency designs that use considerable aluminum, quickly adapted due to time pressure since Daimler gave three years' notice that they were revoking permission to use their design. They use welded bearings. A Chrysler manager said it was "a great partnership" and that it was respectful and not one-sided.
also had a plant in Marysville for parts and accessories, in 1957 (start and end years are unknown).
Mt. Elliott Tool & Die
Built in 1938 and still operating. See our dedicated Mt. Elliott Tool & Die / Outer Drive page
. Makes stamping dies, checking fixtures, stamping fixtures.
wrote that the Saltillo Assembly Plant
was originally intended to replace the 1930s-era Lago Alberto, which had pollution discharge issues and could not be upgraded to use water-based paint. Negotiations with Mexico resulted in a compromise, and by the time the Saltillo plant was built in 1995, Lago Alberto had been largely brought into compliance, but it was closed anyway after Daimler's takeover. Saltillo builds Dodge Ram trucks, and was recognized in 1997 for producing the highest quality Chrysler trucks.
The Saltillo factory has a zero-discharge policy; the plant actually produces a surplus of clean drinking water that is put into the municipal water system. Wastes are treated on-site, with hazardous waste confined in a special landfill near Monterrey.
makes the 2.4 liter TigerShark engine (along with Trenton), and is the sole source for all
Hemi V8 engines. The Saltillo South plant builds the 3.6 liter Pentastar V6 (as do Trenton and Mack Avenue).
is in the same complex.
The relatively new Sterling Heights plant (with a neighboring stamping plant) has built the LeBaron GTS/Lancer; Shadow/Sundance/Duster; Daytona; Cirrus/Stratus/Breeze; Stratus/Sebring; Avenger/Sebring; 200/Avenger. It was slated to be closed by December 2010, but New Chrysler bought it from Old Chrysler, and it became the sole source of Chrysler 200s, with a new body and paint shop capable of making other models. Sterling Heights factory page covers the assembly plant (SHAP) and the stamping plant
down the street.
In early 2017, the plant stopped building the Chrysler 200; and in early 2018, it will build the Ram 1500.
Toledo Assembly Plants: details and photos
- Old Toledo North: 1994-95 Dakota.
- New Toledo North: 2001-end, Liberty; 2006-2011, Dodge Nitro; 2014-2017 Jeep Cherokee; 2017-?, Jeep Wrangler
- Toledo South plant: 1986-present Jeep Wrangler; future Jeep Scrambler, Wrangler
- Toledo Machining: actually located in Perrysburg, Ohio, it has 969 employees (as of 2013) and makes torque converters and steering columns [the products made were the same in 2015]. Thanks, Paul B.
Reportedly one of Chrysler's highest-quality plants, during the Daimler years, the complex includes a stamping facility. It is expected to cease making Journeys and Fiat 500s in 2016-17 (model year 2018 for the Journey, at least).
Trenton Engine Plant
|Aries, Reliant, Magnum||1984-89|
|LeBaron, Phantom coupes||1987-94|
|Spirit, Acclaim, LeBaron||1990-94|
|Jeep Compass ||2017-?|
Built in 1952, Trenton North
has built air raid sirens, water pumps, V8 engines, V6 engines, and "Neon" 1.8 and 2.0 liter four-cylinder engines. It had been slated to close by 2014, but thanks to a 2012 reprieve, Trenton North is active again. In addition to making components for South, Trenton North has its own flex engine line, able to make different varieties of the 3.2, 3.6, and 3.0 V6 - and the Tiger Shark four-cylinder, as well.
• Trenton South
The Carabob Assembly Plant, operated by Chrysler de Venezuela, S.A., made the Jeep Cherokee, Jeep Grand Cherokee, and Dodge Caliber, as of early 2013 (this was reported by Chrysler after Caliber production in the U.S. had halted). In 2015, the comapny reported making the same three vehicles, including Caliber.
scook6 wrote: "The assembly plant in Venezuela was opened in 1938 and closed in 2002. It originally assembled knock-down kits, but later became a full assembly plant. My 2002 Dodge Ram was made there." Whether it is the same plant or not, Valencia started building third-generation Jeep Cherokees (Libertys) in 2007; it had been making various Jeep and Mercedes models."
Warren truck plant (Dodge City)
Warren Truck Assembly Plant story and photos
- 1938-present: Dodge trucks (except 1972-1977, and B-vans) / Ram trucks (including Mitsubishi Raider, 2005-11; Dodge Dakota; and 1974-85 Ramchargers)
- 2018 (?) - Jeep Wagoneer (possibly Ram trucks)
Bob Joye wrote that the Sherwood and Hoover Road plants were part of Warren; these made up the three Dodge truck plants under UAW local 140. Sherwood produced heavy duty Dodge diesels up until 1975, and Hoover produced specialty trucks for the phone company." There was also a Burt Road Export Plant
on 12640 Burt Road.
There is still a Warren stamping plant.
The Warren plants are to give up pickup production to Sterling Heights and be retooled for specialty Rams and the Jeep Wagoneer.
A massive complex of production plants, engineering and testing facilities, and administration offices dating to the birth of Chrysler, with consistent investments from Chrysler Canada leaders.
The Amplex-Harper plant
made Oilite bearings and powdered metal products. Amplex itself was created to sell products created under Carl Breer's research division back in the 1930s.
The Maxwell plant in Dayton, Ohio
was converted to become the home of the Airtemp Division
which became Chrysler Dayton Thermal (after the sale of Airtemp
in 1976), then Acustar Dayton Thermal, then Chrysler Dayton Thermal, then DaimlerChrysler Dayton Thermal, then Behr Dayton Thermal. They also worked for Chrysler Defense. Another Airtemp plant was at 14226 Schaefer Highway in Detroit. (Thanks, Gary W.) A. Rutky wrote that (we've confirmed this) the plant built in 1969-1970 for non-automotive Airtemp manufacturing was shut down in 1976; the current Corvette plant has been on that site since 1982.
From a 1957 corporate listing:
- Adelaide, Australia had an assembly plant for cars, trucks, and parts, along with Airtemp units and industrial engines
- Antwerp, Belgium had a parts plant
- Capetown, South Africa had an assembly plant for cars, trucks, and parts
- Cocoa, Florida was a missile and space vehicle support plant
- Cycleweld-Trenton made adhesives and chemical products.
- Chrysler Foundry made engine castings
- Detroit Forge
- Detroit Tank Plant
- Detroit Universal: universal joints and drive-train components
- Geneva, Switzerland was headquarters for international operations
- Greenfield Building for engineering research
- Eight Mile Plant for body parts
- Michigan Missile Plant
- New Castle, Indiana for forgings and finished machine parts
- Nine Mile Press for automotive stampings
- Scranton, PA for tank components
- Syracuse, NY for New Process Gear (transmission, differentials, and axle parts)
- Winfield Foundry ("Detroit area")
- Airtemp Division - 14226 Schaefer Highway
- Burt Road Export Plant - 12640 Burt Rd (Part of Warren complex)
- Clairpointe Pre-production Plant - 12217 Freud
- Conant Trim Plant - 7900 Jos Campau
- Detroit Universal Division - 6455 Kingsley, Dearborn (Closed around 1978; excellent quality U-joints)
- Wyoming Export Plant - 6000 Wyoming Street
- Hamtramck Assembly Plant and Trim Plant - 7900 Jos Campau ("Dodge Main")
- Huber Ave Foundry - 6425 Huber Ave
- Detroit Forge Plant - 6600 Lynch Rd
- Eldon Ave Axle Plant - 6700 Lynch Rd
- Mack Ave Stamping - 11631 Mack Ave (Currently Mack Avenue Engine Complex)
- Outer Drive Stamping - 3675 E Outer Dr (Renamed Mt. Elliott and converted to tool and die making)
- Truck Engineering Office - 6565 E Eight Mile Rd, Warren
- Vernor Tool & Die - 12026 E Vernor Highway (Operations moved to Mt. Elliott / Outer Drive, 1970s)
- Vernor Trim Plant - 12025 E Vernor Highway (Closed, 1970s)
- Warren Stamping - 22800 Mound Rd, Warren; Warren Tool & Die - 8701 E Eight Mile Rd, Warren; Warren Office & Warehouse - 6565 E Eight Mile Rd, Warren
- Winfield Foundry - 9611 Winfield St
The company noted (2006):
14 assembly plants, 11 powertrain plants, three stamping operations and six technical centers in North America; six manufacturing affiliations outside North America (in 2014, they claimed a total of 37 manufacturing facilities, 23 in the US, six in Canada, seven in Mexico, and one in Venezuela.)
Test Facilities: Technology Center
; Auburn Hills; Chelsea Proving Grounds
; Michigan; Arizona Proving Grounds
Chrysler Group International
manages the marketing, sales and service of Chrysler Group vehicles in more than 125 countries outside North America. Vehicles are produced at facilities in Austria, China, Egypt, Germany, Taiwan and Venezuela
has approximately 475 dealers, an aluminum casting plant in Etobicoke, Ontario; a research and development center in Windsor; and has sales offices and parts distribution centers throughout the country.
] Chrysler opened Mopar parts distribution centers in Shanghai and Dubai, which will support China and the Middle East. The Chinese facility will be in a free trade zone which can support 130 dealers in China and 20 distributors and partners in the Asia-Pacific region; it can also be a referral point for warehouses in South Korea, Japan, and Australia, which support 200 more dealers. The Dubai center is in the Jebel Ali Free Trade Zone, allowing parts movement through the Middle East and Africa.
- Arab American Vehicles Company - Assembles Jeep Cherokee (Liberty) for the Egyptian market and Jeep Wrangler Military (TJ-L) for the Egyptian Army (Cairo, Egypt)
- Beijing Benz - DaimlerChrysler Automotive Ltd. - Produces 300C and Jeep Cherokee for the Chinese market (Beijing)
- China Motor Corporation - Produces Chrysler Town & Country for the Taiwanese market (Yang Mei, Taiwan)
- Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance LLC - A joint venture with Hyundai and Mitsubishi Motors to manufacture 1.8-, 2.0- and 2.4-liter engines (Dundee, Mich.)
- Tritec Motors Ltd. - Produces 1.4- and 1.6-liter gasoline engines for Chrysler and BMW (Mini) vehicles (Curitiba, Brazil)
- Magna Steyr - Contract assembly of the Chrysler Voyager/Grand Voyager, Chrysler 300C Sedan/Touring, Jeep Commander and Jeep Grand Cherokee (Graz, Austria) Minivan production stopped in 2007.
- Carabobo Assembly Plant, DaimlerChrysler de Venezuela - Assembles Jeep Cherokee (Liberty), Jeep Grand Cherokee, and some Mercedes (Valencia, Venezuela). See main list above.
- Wilhelm Karmann GmbH - Contract assembly of the Chrysler Crossfire models (Osnabrück, Germany)
Some manufacturing executives in 2007:
Bowling Green, Kentucky (Airtemp)
- Frank Ewasyshyn, Executive Vice President-Manufacturing (was in the minivan program)
- John Franciosi, Senior Vice President-Employee Relations
- Richard Chow-Wah, Vice President-Powertrain Manufacturing
- John Felice, Vice President-Advance Manufacturing Engineering
- Bryon Green, Vice President-Truck and Activity Vehicle Assembly
- Roberto Gutierrez, Vice President-Manufacturing and Assembly Operations, Mexico
- Fred Goedtel, Vice President-Transmission/Casting/Machining Operations
- Bruce Coventry, President-Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance
- Alfredo (Fred) Antenucci, General Manager-Powertrain Engine, Foundry and Casting Plants
- Warren D. Miller, General Manager-Stamping Operations
- Brian Harlow, General Manager-Transmission/Axle/Machine
D.O'Donnell wrote that
moved its non-automotive manufacturing from Dayton, Ohio, to a new factory in Bowling Green, Kentucky, in 1971. It ran through March 19, 1976, less than a month after Airtemp was sold to Fedders, and was eventually purchased by General Motors, which has made Corvettes there since 1982. The 1971 annual report notes that the plant was 600,000 square feed large, and "enabled Airtemp to increase sales of large commercial and industrial applied machinery and systems equipment in 1971." They boasted that 175 "major facilities" around the world had been air-conditioned by Airtemp in the past four years.
Maxwell opened this plant in 1906. It was inherited by Chrysler, and after the war was sold to Preston Tucker. When his venture failed, it was sold to Ford. It is now half mall, half Tootsie Roll HQ. Chicago plant story
Dodge Main (Hamtramck)
- Detroit Axle: Opened 1917, purchased by Chrysler in 1928, closed 2010, demolition started 2012 and was finished by summer 2017, when only the remains of the veteran's monument remained.
The Dodge Main plant
was demolished, along with a huge number of homes and prosperous small businesses, to make room for a Cadillac plant. Eminent domain cleared people off of the land, some getting ten cents to the dollar; the Cadillac plant never employed anywhere near the number of people promised by General Motors, which received millions of taxpayer dollars (and the land) to build their factory. Extensive Dodge Main history
|Dodge Brothers||1928-1929|| ||Plymouth (B body)|| 1964-1966|
|Dodge|| 1930-1964||Barracuda|| 1964-1974|