Allpar Forums banner

Sensor connections & locations 3.3L V6 1994 Grand Caravan

3279 Views 0 Replies 1 Participant Last post by  keithsketchley
To save you the chase-around time and correction of errors in Chrysler’s diagram, and provide conceptual understanding of system function, I provide the following information on wiring of sensors:​

Most sensors are wired as though they are a potentiometer, though most actually contain electronic circuits: reference power, ground, and a signal value that varies between the ground and reference power.​

Chrysler helpfully used the ECM contact number for the wire number, so for example wire K4 eventually connects to ECM contact number 4. (The second and subsequent instances splices add a suffix to the wire number – so for example wire K4 has splices K4, K4-1, etc. Additional names near splices seem to refer to physically location not function.)​

Most sensors have a signal ground reference wire going to the ECM, usually contact 4, via shared wire/splices K4.​

Most sensors have a reference power input from the ECM, shared with some other sensors:​
  • for MAP and TPS that is 5vdc from contact 6, shared wire K6.
  • for cam and crank position that is 9vdc from contact 7, shared wire K7.

Each sensor has a signal wire going to the ECM, typically a voltage between the power and ground wires that varies with value of what is being sensed.​
  • MAP goes to contact 1
  • TPS goes to contact 22
  • crankshaft goes to contact 24
  • camshaft goes to contact 44

The coolant temperature sensor for the ECM does not need a reference voltage, only a signal wire to contact 2 and a shared ground reference wire K4, it is typically a temperature-sensitive resistor.​

(The coolant sensor for the gages has only a single wire to the gage, ground return is via the engine block, it is typically a temperature-sensitive resistor.)​

The oxygen sensor has a signal reference wire (K4 shared with other sensors, heater power from the fuel pump relay (wire A141), basic shared ground (K1) for the heater, and signal wire A41 to ECM contact 41.​

The gasoline fuel tank gage sender shares a basic ground with the pump motor and has a wire going to the gage, it appears to be a simple potentiometer giving a resistance value to the gage.​

Most of the sensors are well identified in the factory service manual, but a few are hard to find:​
  • you should be able to get at the connector for the crankshaft sensor from above, perhaps by removing the throttle body (it is below the inlet, lying across the transmission housing – the connector is remote from the sensor). Otherwise you’ll need to work from below. If you have long arms you can reach the connector pair to get it apart and apply contact cleaner, while lying on your back under the raised vehicle. Better to get it on a high hoist.
  • the park/neutral switch (fwd left corner bottom) and transmission range switch (inbd of it) can easily be reached from under the front of the vehicle
  • the output speed sensor (above park/neutral switch on fwd-facing transmission structure) can be reached from above inside the engine compartment, long arms help. Perhaps from below as well.
  • the camshaft sensor is hidden in the right end of the engine, inboard of the aft diagonal brace to the engine mount, aft of the thermostat housing but lower. The too-short pigtail on mine was routed forward, its white connector mated with a black harness connector, then the harness routed over the pair and into a collector harness assembly. The pigtail is covered with black corrugated plastic loom that should be replaced, perhaps with woven loom pushed against/over the sensor (but
  • It’s attaching bolt is just below the bottom flange of the alternator bracket, the sensor is forward of that pointing down.
[indent=1.35]Removing the brace should be a 10 minute job, but due to it is more like 40 minutes. 15 mm socket for the forward bolt, 18mm socket for the mount bolt nut (my standard one was long enough to reach over the end of the bolt that sticks out, but short enough so the ½” ratchet could go between PS reservoir and ignition cables to get more throw), 18mm something to hold the bolt head.[/indent]
[indent=1.35]Moving the ignition PS reservoir might help general arm access (unfasten and hang over by the spring tower), removing the serpentine belt will help as the sensor bolt is inboard of it.[/indent]
[indent=1.35]I think there is room to remove the sensor and install a new sensor, apparently the only alignment needed is proximity to the sprocket which apparently is provided by the paper spacer that should come with a new sensor. (Push the sensor in until it stops, the clamp has a slotted attach hole, the sprocket will rub the paper off into the oiling system?). Expect to need a medium or long extension, ¼” ratchet should suffice, socket may be 8mm.[/indent]
[indent=1.35]You do want to avoid coolant leaks else antifreeze may drain or spray onto the sensor wires and connector pair.[/indent]

Questions/corrections welcomed.
  • Like
Reactions: soleweb